Largetooth Sawfish

Average Weight/Length

Anglers are most apt to encounter small specimens, 2-6 feet long. World record 890 pounds, 8 ounces;

Other "Popular" Names for this Fish

Common Sawfish

Location Habitat

Likes mud or sand bottom along the coast, and will wander for up freshwater streams. A euryhaline species. Inhabits inshore coastal waters to moderate depth, also around off lying islands. Found also in estuaries, lagoons, river mouths, and even freshwater. Feeds on fishes and bottom-living animals. Ovoviviparous. Apparently can reproduce in freshwater. Freshwater populations occur to about 750 km up Amazon River; populations in Lake Nicaragua may be non-migratory

Biology & Physical Description

Brown or rusty in color; snout extends to a long, hard beak or "saw," fitted with sharp teeth on both sides. There is also a very similar species, the Smalltooth Sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Both are now pretty rare in Florida and the largetooth is encountered most often. Rostral blade with 20 or fewer pairs of rostral spines

Life Cycle & Mating Behavior

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk.

Geographic Species Map ( Map)

Summary of Distribution: Circumglobally in tropical and subtropical waters, entering estuaries and littoral lagoons and ascending river courses. Western Atlantic: Florida and Louisiana, USA to Brazil; eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Angola, including the western Mediterranean Sea; western Pacific: northern Australia, from western Australia to Queensland; eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador. In freshwater it can be found in rivers of West Africa, Ogowe River and Congo River

Note: Distribution range colors indicate degree of suitability of habitat which can be interpreted as probabilities of occurrence (

Tackle & Baits

Seldom caught. Occasionally bites dead baits fished for Sharks.

Game Rating

Game Rating : 3/10

Game Description :

Poor, unless very large.

Food Rating

Game Rating : 1/10

Game Description :

None. Protected species.

Picture (Fish)

Picture Mount